Mengatasi Kesulitan Anak dalam Pembelajaran Pecahan Menggunakan Model Konkret dan Gambar

Mutijah *)

*) Penulis adalah calon dosen di STAIN Purwokerto. Menyelesaikan studi S-1 di IKIP Yogyakarta (Sekarang UNY) Fakultas Pendidikan MIPA Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika, dan S-2 di Fakultas MIPA Jurusan Matematika Universitas Gadjah Mada dengan mengambil konsentrasi studi pada bidang Statistika.

Abstract:

Central of curriculum development and material’s education of research and development department to state that fractions are one topics which difficult to be teached. The difficulty is seen from little of meaning of activity to be done by teachers and difficulty of accomplishment mediator of teaching as teaching aids. The result of it, teachers direct teach to making acquaintance from fraction numbers. To follow Piaget, children in primary school old are being in operational concrete stage, so followed development’s stage the children of primary school old can construct knowledge with anything can be seen and groped. Children will very difficult to accept the concept being teached abstracly. That cause, it is to be hoped the teachers in order to do teaching of fraction concept with using of teaching aids. The models can be used to teach the fraction concept followed; region model, length model, set model, and area model. The rectangle is the easiest region model for children to draw and to partition. The rectangle is the simpliest region model to teach the fraction concept In practice, teaching of fraction concept
can be used region model of concrete rectangle and region model of picture rectangle.

Keywords: teaching of fraction, rectangle region model, concrete, picture.

Pendahuluan
Matematika senantiasa ada pada semua kurikulum sekolah. Dari tingkat Taman Kanak-kanak sampai tingkat Perguruan Tinggi. Matematika senantiasa termasuk salah satu materi yang tercakup dalam kurikulum. Belajar matematika dapat digunakan sebagai suatu wahana yang memfasilitasi kemampuan bernalar, berkomunikasi, dan sebagai alat menyelesaikan permasalahan dalam kehidupan nyata.1

Kita hidup di suatu zaman yang mengalami perubahan begitu luar biasa dan semakin cepat. Hal-hal baru dalam pengetahuan, alat-alat, dan cara-cara mengerjakan dan mengkomunikasikan matematika terus muncul dan berkembang.2 Oleh karena itu, tujuan diberikannya matematika pada jenjang pendidikan dasar di antaranya adalah; (1) mempersiapkan siswa agar sanggup menghadapi perubahan keadaan di dalam kehidupan dan di dunia, yang selalu berkembang melalui latihan bertindak atas dasar pemikiran logis, rasional, kritis, cermat, jujur, dan efektif; (2) mempersiapkan siswa agar dapat menggunakan matematika dan pola pikir matematika dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, dan dalam mempelajari berbagai ilmu pengetahuan.3

Baca selengkapnya: 9-Mengatasi Kesulitan Anak – mutijah

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