Ibn Khaldun and Education
Fahri Kayadibi *)
*) Penulis adalah Doktor, Associate Professor di Ilahiyat Fakultesi, Istanbul University, Beyazit, Istanbul, Turki.
Ibn Khaldun adalah pemikir besar muslim, yang gagasan-gagasannya mempunyai arti penting dalam sejarah pemikiran Islam. Pemikirannya yang orisinil dan inovatif, mampu meneropong ke masa sesudahnya, bahkan tetap berguna hingga kini. Dalam artikel ini, dipaparkan beberapa pemikiran Ibn Khaldun dalam dunia pendidikan, khususnya berkaitan dengan sistem pendidikan. Penekanannya tentang hubungan guru dan murid yang lebih manusiawi, dan pengajaran yang menyesuaikan dengan kemampuan dan kebutuhan murid, merupakan sumbangan bernilai bagi dunia pendidikan.
Kata Kunci: Ibn Khaldun, pendidikan, pengajaran, guru, murid.
The great thinker Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis, 1332 AD and died in Cairo, 1406 AD. His ideas have reflected their importance on the history of universal thought as much as within the Islamic realm. His thoughts are all self-created. He has been affected by savants before him but he is not a continuation of them. He created genuine and innovative ideas. It is due to this fact that although he lived during the 14th century his thoughts still manage to shed light among events of current times. His ideas have not lost their relevance as time has passed. Recognized as the founder of sociological sciences, Ibn Khaldun has been accepted and commented upon by historians, jurists, theologians, politicians, economists, teachers, educators and environmentalists alike. Ibn Khaldun’s great work of art, The Muqaddimah has been translated into the world’s most common languages.
Here, we shall try to enumerate his education-teaching views which shed light on current educational systems and consequently provide a text from which we may take benefit.